EMZOLYTE ORS (Oral Rehydration Salt 20.5g).
Composition, Description, Pharmacology, Indications, Dosage and direction for use, Preparation of solution for oral use, Overdosage, Special precautions, Presentation, Storage and Manufacturer of Emzolyte ORS Oral Rehydration Salt Medicine for Dehydration.
Each sachet of Oral Rehydration Salt (20.5g) contains the following active ingredients:
Sodium Chloride BP 2.60g
Potassium Chloride 1.50g
Sodium Citrate BP 2.90g
Dextrose BP 13.50g
White granules which when dissolved in 1 Litre of water gives a clear solution with natural flavour.
Oral rehydration salts are given orally to prevent or treat dehydration due to acute diarrhoea. Essential water and salts are lost in stools and vomitus, and dehydration results when blood volume is decreased because of fluid loss from the extracellular fluid compartment. Preservation of the facilitated glucose-sodium cotransport system in the small-bowel mucosa is the rationale of oral rehydration therapy. Glucose is actively absorbed in the normal intestine and carries sodium with it in about an equimolar ration. Therefore, there is a greater net absorption of an isotonic salt solution with glucose than one without it. Potassium replacement during acute diarrhoea prevents below-normal serum concentrations of potassium, especially in children, in whom stool potassium losses are higher than in adults. Bicarbonates are effective in correcting the metabolic acidosis caused by diarrhoea and dehydration.
For the treatment of electrolyte and fluid loss due to diarrhoea in infants, children and adults.
DOSAGE AND DIRECTION FOR USE
Infants: 1 litre over a 24 hour period.
Children: 1 litre over an 8-24 hours period according to age
Adults: Drink freely as required.
Before breast feeding give an appropriate volume of made up solution in place of the breast milk normally taken.
Discard any unused portion after 24 hours.
PREPARATION OF ORS SOLUTION FOR ORAL USE
Dissolve entire contents of the 20.5g satchet in one(1) litre of freshly boiled and cooled drinking water.
Symptoms of overdosage include puffy eyelids which is a symptom of overhydration and therapy may need to be discontinued temporarily.
It is very important to dissolve Oral Rehydration Salts in the correct amount of water. A weak solution will not contain the right amount of glucose and electrolytes (salts), and a strong solution may give rise to an electrolyte imbalance, (too much salt).
Diarrhoea can have very serious consequences in children under 3 years old, immediate medical advice should be sought.
In other age groups, if symptoms persist for more than 24-48 hours, consult your doctor.
If nausea and vomiting are present with the diarrhoea, small and frequent amounts of Oral Rehydration Salts should be drunk first. In infants, immediate medical assistance should be obtained.
Emzolyte ORS are packed in satchels of 3’s, and 60’s in a pack.
Store below 25oC in a cool, dry place.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Emzor Pharmaceutical Industries Limited
Plot 3C, Block A, Aswani Market Road,
Oshodi-Apapa Express-way, Isolo, Lagos.