Multivitamins and Minerals Benefits and Side Effects
The various Vitamins and Minerals contained in food supplements have their specific benefits and contributions to healthy well being.
On the other hand, these vitamins and minerals also poses some risk to the human body in one way or the other.
Facts About Food Supplements
Multivitamins and minerals are a kind of food supplements.
Food supplements are not drugs and are not to be used for the treatment, prevention and cure of diseases.
Food supplements in some cases are needed to improve overall health conditions and could also assist in managing some health conditions.
Food supplements contains water soluble substances which are excreted from the body when in excess and fat soluble substances, excess of which are stored in body tissues somehow to the detriment of the body system.
Benefits of Multivitamins and Minerals
Multivitamins and minerals in a typical food supplement has a combination of benefits to the overall well being provided they are taken when required and in the right quantity.
Benefits of Vitamins
– Enriches the skin
– Improves immunity
– Ensures good eyesight
– Increases energy levels
– Improve concentration and memory levels
– Reduces stress
– Helps to maintain good mood
– Helps to maintain healthy joints
– Increases healing rate of injuries
– Protect skin from bruising
– Helps to maintains strong bones
– Protects cells and cell membranes from free radicals
– Improves heart function
– Enhances cells renewal
– Prevents birth defects
Benefits of Minerals
– Helps to develop and maintain strong bones
– Maintains good muscle contractions and heartbeat
– Ensures normal blood pressure
– Enhances blood clotting
– Aids production of red blood cells
– Helps to transport oxygen and nutrients to body cells
– Strengthens the immune system
– Improves skin health and wound healing
– Improves fertility
– Helps to regulate energy release from food
– Enhances insulin sensitivity
– Helps to convert food to energy
Side Effects of Multivitamins and Minerals
Food supplements should not be taken more than the recommended doses and should not be combined with other dietary supplements otherwise they would manifest the following side effects.
– Vitamin D Excess of 4000IUs may result serious heart problems
– Folic Acid Excess of 1000mcg hides signs of Vitamins B12 deficiency which leads to permanent nerve damage in older adults.
– Too much Selenium causes hair loss, gastrointestinal upset and fatigue
– Too much Vitamin A can cause headaches and liver damage, reduce bone density, cause birth defects.
– Too much Iron causes nausea, vomiting and liver damage.
– Supplements increase risk of bleeding when taken before or after surgery, also affects response to anesthesia.
– Vitamins E and C may reduce the effects of cancer chemotherapy.
– Vitamin K reduces ability of blood thinners to prevent blood from clotting.
– Pregnant women, nursing mothers and children should be cautious of taking supplements and should get medical clearance before taking them.